Virtual environments can be kind of cryptic to people who haven't worked with Python for a while. I'd say that even for people that do work with Python, it can take a long time for it to "click". The short version is, you want one virtual environment for every Python project you work on, which, if you work on a lot of smaller projects, can get annoying.
The standard method of creating and using a virtualenv looks something like this:
python3 -m venv .venv source .venv/bin/activate pip install --upgrade pip setuptools
Now you're ready to install the project itself and its dependencies. Kind of verbose, though you do only have to run
source .venv/bin/activate in the future - but if you forget whether you've created a virtual environment for a project (directory), it gets more tedious.
Wanting a more ergonomic solution to this, I've worked on some shell functions which I've now put in a Github repository:
It allows me to just run the command
venv activate (I've actually aliased it to
av so even less typing), and it will activate a virtual environment if one is found in the current working directory, otherwise it will create it for you using the newest version of Python found on your system (only by default, of course).
If you find it annoying to work with virtual environments and other solutions like virtualenvwrapper or direnv don't feel right, check it out.